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Fannings: Refers to the size of very small leaf particles. Fannings are a grade larger than dust and may also be used in teabags.
Fermentation: This is a manufacturing process where fresh green tea leaves are used to make black teas and oolongs. Oxidation is actually a more accurate term, which refers to a chemical transformation of the tea leaves as they are exposed to air. This reaction produces teas are a darker, reddish-brown colour with their own unique scents and tastes.
Fibery: These are teas that contain excessive stalk.
Fibrous: Tea that includes pieces of stems. Much like fibery.
Fine: These are exceptionally good teas in their quality and flavour.
Firing: A step in manufacturing where the tea leaves are heated in order to stop the oxidation process and to dry the leaves, making the finished product suitable for packing, storing, and selling.
Flaky: These are poorly made pieces of tea leaves that are flat and uncurled.
Flat: The opposite of brisk, these are dull, lifeless tasting teas that lack astringency.
Flavour: A characteristic taste and aroma of fine teas, especially ones that are high grown.
Flowery: A tea grading term describing leaves with light or yellow tips or buds. The term may also refer to teas that have a sweet and floral taste.
Flowery Orange Pekoe: This is a tea grade that refers to large sized leaves containing a lot of tips.
Flush: This refers to the separate tea plucking seasons within a year where each harvest produces its own characteristics such as appearance, flavour, and aroma. The tea buds take approximately 40 days to blossom into a complete plant of new growth leaves.
Formosa: This is old name of Taiwan and may also refer to certain teas, typically oolongs.
Frivolous: These are teas that are rich in aroma, but lack in taste, thus, leaving the taster deflated.
Fruity: A poor taste caused by over-fermentation. In some teas, such as oolongs, this is a desired characteristic.
Full: A strong tea with good colour, and a lack of bitterness.
Fully-fired: This describes liquors with a slightly over-fired taste.